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Somali President Jaalle Maxamed Siyaad Barre

Jaalle Maxamed Siyaad Barre -


President Siad Barre May Day Speech - 1978

[Speech by Somali President Mohamed Siad Barre at National Theater in Mogadiscio on 30 April on the occasion of May Day recorded]

Lately there have been crises in the Horn of Africa, as in many other parts of the world--between colonialists and the colonized, between a black colonialist government and the black people it colonizes. This is not a new phenomenon; it is an old one. Many countries which were under colonial domination not so many years ago have freed themselves, after a long struggle, from the colonial yoke--for instance, Somalia.

It is surprising and amazing that today, when it is shameful to talk about colonialism, let alone practice it, some countries boast: We shall always be colonialists. It is also unfortunate that some other countries support their colonialism. It is an even greater shame today for one people to colonize another. It is for this reason that, without hiding anything, we ask the Soviet Union and its allies: How long will this colonialism continue? If this is to continue, why did the other European colonialism end? Why did they have to give freedom to those who fought for it? Will they change history? Will the Soviet Union and its allies change colonialism into a new concept? Will socialism evolve into colonial­ism and change history?


The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) Summit - 1974


Somalia 1969 - 1991 Video


Somalia 1969 - 1991

 By Yiorgos Apostolopoulos

At the time of independence in 1960, Somalia was touted in the West as the model of a rural democracy in Africa. Tribalism and extended family loyalties and conflicts were the core of the government, and by the late 1960’s, more than sixty parties campaigned for election to a Parliament of one-hundred-twenty-three seats. Democracy had degenerated in to anarchy. Somali corruption astounded even Afrophiles. The last Prime Minister was playing roulette in Las Vegas at the time of the national uprising led by General Mohamed Siad Barre in October, 1969.

The new government said it would adapt “scientific socialism” to the needs of Somalia. It drew heavily from the traditions of China. “Volunteer” labor planted, harvested, built roads and hospitals. Almost all industry, banks and businesses were nationalized. Cooperative farms were promoted. The government forbade tribalism and stressed loyalty to the central authorities. An entirely new script for the Somali language was introduced. To spread the new language, and the methods and message of the revolution, secondary schools were closed in 1974, and 25.000 students from fourteen to sixteen years of age were sent to the bush to educate their rural brothers and sisters.

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Buug Cusub / New Book

Khudbadii ugu dambeesay 1991 Version 2

Khudbadii ugu dambeesay 1991

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